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ABC News (2008, January 18). Dangerous Beauty in China. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Adler, Martin (Reporter/Producer). (2008). China, Mongolia: Kidnapped Wives (Video). Insight News TV. Retrieved February 25, 2009 from (2006, November 2). China's first official gay student group. From a post on Retrieved on January 2, 2009 from

AIDS in China (2005, December 2). Shanghai Reports 356 HIV Cases in 2005. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved on June 30, 2008 from

Allen, Christopher (2006, June 19). Traditions weigh on China's women. BBC News Online. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Associated Press (2009, June 10). Unemployment up among graduates of China's top universities. Retrived June 20, 2009 from

Baker, H. D. R. (1979). Chinese family and kinship. New York: Columbia University Press.

Baker, Mike. (2007, November 17). China's bid for world domination. BBC News. Retrieved July 11, 2008 from

Basic Skills Agency (2006). Digital storytelling for EAL pupils. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

BBC News. (2005, June 9). $1 amnesty for pirated software. [Electronic version]. BBC News. Retrieved October 15, 2007 from

Bowen, Debra (2008). 60-Day Report of Registration. California Secretary of State. Retrieved December 12, 2008 from

Bradsher, Keith. (2008, March 11). Inflation in China hits 11-year high. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved July 2, 2008 from

Broughton, G., Brumfit, C., Wilde, R. & Pincas, A. (1993). Teaching English as a Foreign Language (2nd Edition). New York: Routledge.

Brown, Andrew. (2003, October 7). How dirty is your money? Retrieved May 19, 2009 from

Bruyas, Dimitri. (2007, December 19). 40% of foreign teachers may have fake credentials: report. [Electronic version]. China Post. Retrieved April 15, 2008 from

Cai, Hong & Qi Yue (2006, June 6). Significant Problems in China's Existing Education System. The Epoch Times. Retrieved January 12, 2009 from

CatShanghai (2007, July 16). Buying a House in 13 Steps. CatShanghai. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Chaney, Joseph. (2008, March 17). As Chinese wealth rises, pets take a higher place. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved June 10, 2008 from

Chen, Hong and Jackson, Todd (2007, October 25). Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of eating disorder endorsements among adolescents and young adults from China. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from SRETRY=0

Chen, Nancy (2008, October 24). Beauty in the Eye of the Double-Lidded Beholder. US-China Today. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from (A(iBi3j4OYyQEkAAAANGNhZjAwZmYtOWJkYi00NzVlLWEyOGQtMjc3YmU4YzcwMzdk136pE6tgY9lK98unr87-HDTr26g1)S(ztjljt45lnn50n55iajjd3jp))/ShowFeature.aspx?articleID=2750

China Daily. (2005, February 2005). Residents make din about noise pollution. Retrieved April 17, 2008 from

China Daily (2005, September 14). Enigmas of Chinese beauty come to puzzle many. Retrived January 9, 2009 from

China Daily. (2006, April 4). Number of foreigners working in China soars. People's Daily Online. Retrieved November 14, 2007 from

China Daily. (2007, February 10). C-section Births on the Increase. China.Org.Cn. Retrieved December 18, 2008 from

China Daily. (2007, March 23). Mixed Marriages, Divorce on the Rise. China.Org.Cn. Retrieved April 18, 2008 from

China Daily. (2007, August 20). Report: unsafe sex major cause of HIV infection. [Electronic version]. China View . Retrieved April 18, 2008 from (2008a, February 8). Survey: As Olympics hasten Chinese etiquette improves. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved August 3, 2008 from (2008, February 9). Beijing women smoking more. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved July 17, 2008 from

China View. (2008, March 28). Foreign language courses in China draw 50 million people. [Electronic version]. China View . Retrieved April 14, 2008 from

Chmelynski, Carol (2006, February). Teaching Chinese as Tomorrow's Language. Education Digest. Retrieved July 26, 2009 from (2002, May 15). SKIN DEEP: Dying to be white. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Cody, Edward (2007, February 9). Despite a Ban, Chinese Youth Navigate to Internet Cafes. Washington Post Online. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Cohen, Joshua (2007, November). Suprasegmentals: Pronunciation Practice for Your EFL Classroom. Internet TESL Journal (Vol 8:11). Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Collett, Nigel (2008, December 15). 1,200 march at Hong Kong's first official gay pride parade. Fridae. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

Crawford, James (1999). The Campaign Against Proposition 227: A Post Mortem. Bilingual Research Journal. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

de Brauw, Alan and Giles, John (2008, April 8). Rural to Urban Migration in China: How Do Migrant-Sending Communities Benefit? The World Bank . Retrieved June 18, 2008 from,, contentMDK:21721750~pagePK:64168182~piPK:64168060~theSitePK:477916,00.html

de la Torre, Ulysses (December 14, 2005). China villages go to town with $30bn remittances. Asia times Online. Retrieved June 18, 2008 from

Dignan, Larry (June 12, 2009). Security flaws galore: Researchers dissect China's Green Dam censorware. ZDNet. Retrieved June 16, 2009 from

Dougherty, Niklas (2006). Prostitution in contemporary China: The case of Shanghai Jiading. Unpublished master's thesis. Lund University, Sweden.

Droar, Dave (2006). Expectancy Theory of Motivation. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Economist. (2005, October 20). The Greening of China. Retrieved June 6, 2008 from

Evening News (2007, December 24). Mental Health of Chinese Women Born in the 1950s. Women of China. Retrieved April 21, 2008 from

Fabisz, Natalia (1988). Analysis of Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition Theory. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Fan, L., Zhang, D. and GU, L. (2000). A Report on the Forum of All Chinese Math Educators at ICME-9. The International Commission on Mathematical Instruction. Bulletin No. 49. Retrieved January 13, 2009 from

Fang Xiao and Gu Qing’er (2009, December 4). Doctor Confirms: H1N1 More Widespread in China Than Reported. Epoch Times. Retrieved December 13, 2009 from

Farrar, Lara (2009, October 30). 50% of new expats leave China early. China Daily. Retrieved November 4, 2009 from

Feuerberg, Gary (2010, Jan 19). Human Rights Watch: ’Compulsory Drug Detention Centers’ in China. The Epoch Times. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from

Fitzgerald, John (1996) Awakening China: Politics, Culture, and Class in the Nationalist Revolution. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press.

Fragoso, Michael (2007, October 19). China's surplus of sons: A geopolitical time bomb. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Frank, Bill (2006, June 30). Selling English-Language Books in China. Selling Books. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from

Freund, Charles P. (2001, June). Gay Cathay - laws concerning homosexuals in China - Brief Article BNET. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

Gao, G. and Ting-Toomey, S. (1998). Communicating Effectively with the Chinese, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Press. (2008, September). 50 foreign experts given China Friendship Award. Retrieved December 13, 2008 from

Gregg, K. (1984). Krashen’s monitor and Occam’s razor. Applied Linguistics, 5, 79-100.

Hachman, Mark (June 12, 2009). China's Filtering Software Contains Pirated Code. PC Magazine Online. Retrived June 16, 2009 from,2817,2348705,00.asp

Hammond, Scott C. and Glen, Lowell, M., (2004). "The ancient practice of Chinese social networking: Guanxi and social network theory," in E:CO Special Double Issue (Vol 6:1-2, pp. 24-31).

Ho, Linda. (2008, August 5). Salary in China. Retrieved August 18, 2008 from

Ho, Stephanie (2008, December 5). Loss of Homes Threatens Social Stability in China. Voice of America. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Hong Y, Li X, Fang X & Zhao R. (2007). Correlates of suicidal ideation and attempt among female sex workers in China. Health Care Women International, 28(5), 490-505.

Huang, S. and Jia, W. (2000). The Cultural Connotations and Communicative Functions of Chinese Kinship Terms. American Communication Journal, Vol 3(3). Retrieved January 9, 2008 from

Huitt, W. (2001). Motivation to learn: An overview. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

International Coalition for Religious Freedom (ICRF), 2008. Religious Freedom World Report: China. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from

Jacobs, Andrew (June 8, 2009). China Requires Censorship Software on New PCs. New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2009 from

Jia, Hepeng. (2008, March 26). Antibiotic resistance and the developing world. SciDev Net. Retrieved February 20, 2008 from

Kahn, J. & Yardley, J. (2007, August 26). As China Roars, Pollution Reaches Deadly Extremes. New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2008 from

Kane, D. (2006). The Chinese language: its history and current usage. North Clarendon, VT: Tuttle.

Kang Yi, Sun Jianfang, Wang Biqiang. (2008, July 02). Guidelines Call for Chinese Pay to Rise with Inflation. Ecomonic Observer Online. Retrieved May 9, 2009 from

Krashen, S.D. (1981). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. New York: Pergamon.

Krashen, S.D. & Terrell, T.D. (1983). The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom. London: Prentice Hall Europe.

LaMonica, Martin (2005, May 12). IBM backs Firefox in-house. CNET News. Retrieved June 11, 2008 from

Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J.H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (pp. 146, 472)

Lewin, Tamar (2008, November 17). Study Abroad Flourishes, With China a Hot Spot. New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2009 from

Li, Yinhe (2008, June 18). Li Yinhe on Chinese attitudes towards homosexuality: ten questions. A translated synopsis from the blog A shameful Waste of Madhouse Time. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

Li, Zhenzi (2009, December 9). Chinese Health Ministry Orders H1N1 Testing Not Be Performed. Epoch Times. Retrived December 13, 2009 from

Lim, Louisa (2007). Painful Memories for China's Footbinding Survivors. National Public Radio (NPR). Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Liu, W., Luo, A. and Liu, H. (2007, September). Overcoming the barriers in pain control: an update of pain management in China. European Journal of Pain Supplements. Vol 1, Issue 1.

List of countries by English-speaking population. (2009, July 24). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from

Luo, YuanJun (2005). Economic Soft Landing: A Common Desire. China Today. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Ma, H. and Lu, Eric Yong, et al. (2007). An Empirical Investigation of Digital Cheating and Plagiarism among Middle School Students. American Secondary Education, Spring 2007.

Macintosh, Scott R. (2006, June 23). Buying abroad: Risk and reward in China. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Martin, Michael (2007, November 24). ABC Students Assess Standards of Beauty. All-China Women's Federation. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Mavrides, Gregory (2009). An exploratory study of dating and marital preferences among Chinese young adults. In progress. CogPrints Prepublication Submission #6318

Mavrides, Gregory (2009a). An exploratory study of variables associated with satisfaction and retention among foreign English teachers in China. In progress (data derived from online Foreign Teacher Satisfaction Questionnaire).

McKinley, J. & Goodstein, L. (2008, November 5). Bans in 3 States on Gay Marriage. New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

McNeil Jr., Donald G. (2007, February 20). A growing epidemic of fake medications in Asia. [Electronic version]. International Herald Tribune . Retrieved April 17, 2008 from

Mobilecomms-technology (2007). China Mobile GSM - GPRS Network Expansion, China. . Retrieved September 14, 2007 from (2008, April 7). Poll: Chinese more concerned about the environment than Americans. Retrieved June 6, 2008 from

Moore, Jason (2007, February). Gay China From the Inside—a Gay American Living in China Tells Stories about the 'Good Life'. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

Mosher, W. D., Chandra, A., & Jones, J. (2005, September 15). Sexual behavior and selected health measures: Men and women 15-55 years of age, United States, 2002. Advance Data from Vital And Health Statistics, No. 362, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services., 472.

Moreton, Michael J. (2004, July 19). Healthcare in China. Retrieved July 15, 2008 from

Moxley, Mitch (2008, June 28). Little Pink Book. The Guardian. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from

National Virtual Translation Center (2008). Languages of the World. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Na, He (2009). Too Much Pressure. China Daily. Retrieved June 20, 2009 from (2009). Languages by Country. Retrieved July 26, 2009 from

Ng, M.L., with Dalin Liu, Li Ping Zhou and E.J. Haeberle (1997). Sexual Behavior in Modern China -- A report of the Nationwide Sex-Civilization Survey on 20,000 subjects in China. Retrieved June 30, 2008 from

Pacik, Peter T. (2006, Sept. 1). Plastic Surgery in China. Plastic Surgery Center. Retrieved November 3, 2007 from

Patton, Dominique (2007, December 18). Spotlight - Forging ahead: Spirits counterfeiting in China. Just-Drinks . Retrieved April 17, 2008 from

People's Daily (2003a, June 3). Mobile Phone Addiction Plagues Chinese Youth. People's Daily Online. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

People's Daily (2003, November 8). Sex survey: Virginity is still important virtue in China. People's Daily Online. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from

People's Daily (2006, May 23). China to recruit foreign experts through Internet. People's Daily Online. Retrieved February 23, 2008 from

People's Daily (2008, March 26). Over 10 billion yuan to be invested in "211 Project." People's Daily Online. Retrieved June 16, 2008 from

Perie, Marianne and Baker, David P. (1997, August). Job Satisfaction Among America's Teachers: Effects of Workplace Conditions, Background Characteristics, and Teacher Compensation (Document NCES 97-471). Alexandria, VA: The National Center for Education Statistics. Retrived October 1, 2010 from

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. (2007, April 15). Public Knowledge of Current Affairs Little Changed by News and Information Revolutions. Survey Reports. Retrieved July 8, 2008 from

Pinker, Steven (1994). The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. New York: Harper Collins.

Qin, Jize (2004, July 15). Most polluted cities in China blacklisted China Daily Online. Retrieved May 27, 2008 from

Qiu, Lin (2007, September 9). No Marriage Without Money. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Regulations of the PRC on Administrative Penalties for Public Security (1986, September 5). Article 30. Retrieved June 30, 2008 from

Rubin, Rita (2008, Jan 1). Answers prove elusive as C-section rate rises. USA Today. Retrieved December 18, 2008 from

Seligman, Scott D. (1999). Chinese Business Etiquette. NY: Warner Books Inc.

Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A. and Zhou, Tongfu. (2003). Medical education in China’s leading medical schools. Medical Teacher, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2004, pp. 215–222

Shan, Echo. (2005, August 8). 'Mianzi' of Chinese weighs a lot, comes at a price. China Daily. Retrieved July 23, 2008 from

Shanghai Star. (2004, April 12). Number of foreigners working in China soars. China Daily. Retrieved December 18, 2007 from

Shannon, Fred (2005, November 05). The Input Hypothesis. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Shoebottom, Paul (2007). The differences between English and Chinese. Frankfurt International School. Retrieved January 23, 2009 from

Surowski, David B. (2000). History of the Educational System of China. Projects for International Education Research. Retrieved January 11, 2009 from

Tan, Ming (2002). How to Attract Asian Women. NY: Asian Socials Press.

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Tu, Lei (2008, March 15). China's housing among world's highest. China Daily. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

UC Davis(2007, October 1). China honors 50 foreigners for their outstanding contributions. Retrieved December 13, 2008 from

United Nations Development Fund for Women (2007, July 12). Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women: The Way to Progress and Harmony. 2nd Anniversary press release of the China Gender Facility, Beijing International Hotel. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Uskul, Ayse K., et al. (2007). Views on interracial dating among Chinese and European Canadians: The roles of culture, gender, and mainstream cultural identity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 24, No. 6, 891-911

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Watts, Jonathan (2006a, August 25). Shanghai opens shelter for young internet addicts. The Guardian. Retrieved January 9, 2009 from

Watts, Jonathan (2006, November 6). A growth stream, or a way to get filthy rich? The Guardian. Retrieved May 27, 2008 from

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Xinhua News (2007, December 11). Survey: More than 80% Chinese University Students Want to Study Abroad. Women in China. Retrieved April 13, 2008 from

Xinhua News (2008, November 25). Beijing prostitutes shun condoms despite rise in AIDS sex transmission. People's Daily Online. Retrieved December 22, 2008 from

Xinhua News (2009, July 10). Nearly half of China's science workers think academic cheating is "common". China View. Retrieved July 20, 2009 from

Yan, Rachel (2008, March 18). Women Are in Charge When it Comes to Home Purse Strings. Women in China. Retrieved April 21, 2008 from

Yan, Yu and Chen, Zhoux (2008, October 10). Wind Knocked out of China's Housing Prices. Economic Observer Online. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from

Yang, Jian (2006, April). "Learners and users of English in China". English Today 22 (2): 3–10.

Zhang, Lin (2009, June 25). The Potential of English-Language Children’s Books in China. China Publishing Today. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from

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