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Copyright Notice, Disclaimer, and Terms of Use


The Foreign Teachers Guide to Living and Working in China and all other materials contained within the Middle Kingdom Life website including supplemental articles, member submitted personal stories, and Q&A Forum questions and answers are legally protected by its International Standard Book Number (ISBN 978-0-578-02423-3) and copyright registration with the Library of Congress, United States Copyright Office (registration number TX 7-442-776).

You may not reproduce, distribute, transmit, display, republish, or broadcast any part of the content contained within Middle Kingdom Life without prior written permission of the copyright owner. Generally speaking, we do not allow China EFL and other privately owned websites to republish our work on their sites. If you see something you like and want to share it with your readers, explain what you like about the work in your own words and then link to the original source. If you use our ideas or refer to the points we make, give us credit for them.

All content on Middle Kingdom Life is original material (with the exception of a few photographs for which licenses have been purchased) and is created as a whole. Articles and book chapters may not be taken apart and/or reassembled in whole or part for any purpose, including but not limited to creating a derivative article or book, whether for personal or commercial purposes. Printed pages may not be rescanned and reassembled into another book edition; printed pages are restricted to the personal use of the reader and may not be shared, sold, or otherwise disseminated to third parties.

Fair Use

You are permitted to copy and print entire sections of the eBook, articles, and all other content for personal use and reference. However, this expressly precludes placing our content on any public or private network or website where multiple parties are able to access it.

Scholarly Work

You are permitted to quote brief passages of our work for research, critique, and scholarship as generally defined under the concept of fair use and to link to any page or article on Middle Kingdom Life.

Proper Citation

Sample eBook citation:

Mavrides, G. (2009). Mianzi and Guanxi. In Foreign Teachers Guide to Living and Teaching in China. Detroit, MI: Middle Kingdom Life. Retrieved December 24, 2011, from

Sample article citation:

Mavrides, G. (n.d.). Psychopathology of Anonymous EFL Teacher Forums. In Middle Kingdom Life. Retrieved December 24, 2011, from


Please note that a good part of our material is based on years of personal and professional experience as well as anecdotal evidence obtained by the principal author and contributing authors. Nevertheless, every effort has been made to properly document all information and viewpoints, and empirical research evidence is presented when available in what amounts to over 11 pages of citations. Although the author and contributing authors have made every reasonable attempt to achieve complete accuracy of the content in this Guide, they assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, particularly—but not exclusively—in regard to laws, policies, and administrative rules in China that may or may not be currently in effect or enforced.

You should use this information to the degree it specifically informs your particular situation such that it may not be identical to the examples and case vignettes illustrated herein; in fact, it is likely that they won't be the same, and, in China, what is true today may not be true tomorrow, even within the same municipality. Any trademarks, service marks, product names, named features, and especially other websites listed under EFL Teacher Resources are assumed to be the property of their respective owners, and are used only for reference. There is no implied endorsement on the part of Middle Kingdom Life by virtue of listing or linking to another source. Endorsements are explicitly stated when intended.

Finally, use your head. Nothing in this Guide is intended to replace common sense, legal, medical, or other direct professional advice, and is meant solely to inform and generally orient the reader as to what he or she may reasonably expect as a foreign teacher in China. Your individual experience may (and probably will) vary depending on a myriad of factors that cannot be controlled for.

Gregory Mavrides, PhD
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April 2009


About Us

Middle Kingdom Life is the premier award-winning educational website for foreign teachers and Western expats in China. It was founded by an American professor in psychology and sociology for the purpose of disseminating valid and reliable information about living and teaching in China. The site's mission is to protect and enhance the interests and social welfare of foreign teachers and Western expats in China.

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